1. Education

Your suggestion is on its way!

An email with a link to:

http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/popular.htm

was emailed to:

Thanks for sharing About.com with others!

Latin American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Colombia's Ruthless Drug Kingpin, Pablo Escobar
Pablo Escobar was the greatest Colombian drug lord, whose Medellin cartel once controlled 80% of the cocaine shipped illegally into the United States.
How the Ancient Maya Did Business
The ancient Maya developed an extensive trading network for commerce in basic goods as well as prestige items such as gold and jade.
What Led Latin America to Seek Independence...
In 1810, Spain's New World Empire stretched from the American Northwest to Tierra del Fuego. By 1825, it retained only a handful of islands. What happened? How and why did Spain lose so much, so quickly?
What You Should Know About the Cuban Revolution
In the final days of 1958, rebel commander Fidel Castro tightened the noose on Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. Columns of rebel soldiers under Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos moved towards Havana, and on January 1, 1959, Batista fled the country. The ramifications of the Cuban Revolution would change world politics forever.
Why Argentina Welcomed Nazis
After World War Two, thousands of Nazis and wartime collaborators fled to South America, mostly Argentina. There they were welcomed and given a place in society. Why did Argentina accept these men, many of whom had committed heinous crimes?
What Christopher Columbus Discovered on His...
Columbus made several stops on his monumental first voyage, including the present-day Bahamas, Cuba and Hispaniola.
10 of the Most Influential Latin Americans in...
Latin America has had its share of leaders, but these ten people have made a difference not only in their home country, but in the world
What Happened to the Ancient Maya?
It's one of history's greatest mysteries: an advanced civilization in the foggy rainforests of Central America suddenly went into a steep, irreversible decline. What happened to the ancient Maya?
10 Fascinating Facts About the Battle of the...
When events turn into legends, facts occasionally get lost. What really happened on March 6, 1836 at the famous Battle of the Alamo?
10 Things You Didn't Know About Christopher...
When it comes to Christopher Columbus, most famous of the explorers of the Age of Discovery, it's hard to separate truth from myth, and fact from legend. Here are ten things that maybe you didn't already know about Christopher Columbus and his four legendary voyages.
10 Facts You Didn't Know About Blackbeard the...
When it comes to Blackbeard, the most famous pirate ever to sail the seven seas, it's hard to separate myth from fact. There are a lot of tall tales out there about the man who was the scourge of the Atlantic in 1717-1718. Here are some facts about everyone's favorite buccaneer.
Spain’s American Colonies and the...
Early in the colonial era, Spain initiated the encomienda system, under which vast tracts of land and thousands of people and families were given to conquistadors and colonial officials. The encomienda system was thinly-veiled slavery and led to horrible abuses.
What Happened During Columbus' Second Voyage?
Returning from the New World without having kept his promises of finding new trade routes to the far east, Christopher Columbus convinces the rulers of Spain to send him back with a larger fleet to establish a colony and trading posts in the lands he has discovered.
Ten Facts About the Ancient Olmec
The Olmec culture was the first great Mesoamerican civilization. Historians and archaeologists have learned many things about this mysterious empire which peaked three thousand years ago.
Argh! 7 Famous Pirates and Their Flags
Most of the pirates of the Golden Age of Piracy (roughly from 1700-1725) had distinctive flags which identified them to their friends and foes alike.
How the Spanish Conquered America
With just a few hundred men, the Spanish were able to bring down and control the mighty Aztec and Inca, powerful Empires with armies in the thousands. How were they able to do it? The weapons and armor of the conquistadors had a lot to do with their success.
Ancient Maya Architecture
The Ancient Maya were talented builders whose temples and palaces are still standing thousands of years after being constructed.
Learn About the Heroic Life of José...
José Martí (1853-1895) was a Cuban revolutionary and poet. Although he was not a soldier, he was a leading advocate for Cuban independence from Spain from the time he was sixteen years old. He died in combat against Spanish forces in Cuba in 1895 and is today revered as a Cuban national hero.
How Jim Bowie Became a Famous Texas Hero
James Bowie (1796-1836) was an American frontiersman and one of the leaders of the Texas Revolution. He was present at the legendary Battle of the Alamo, where he was killed along with all of his comrades. Today he is considered a great hero in Texas.
Fidel Castro, Cuba's Controversial Communist
Fidel Castro is a Cuban lawyer, revolutionary and politician who directed the Cuban Revolution in the 1950's and later became President.
Ten Facts About Francisco Pizarro
In 1532, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro began his bloody conquest of the mighty Inca Empire. This adventure made him and his soldiers very wealthy men indeed. How much do you know about the illiterate footsoldier who held an Emperor for ransom?
How Porfirio Diaz Ruled Mexico for 35 Years
Porfirio Díaz ruled Mexico like a king for thirty-five long years (1876-1911). During this time, he modernized the economy, improved infrastructure, and made Mexico an important player in the global economy. Why, then, did the people of Mexico rise up and begin the Mexican Revolution just to kick him out?
Who was Simon Bolivar?
Venezuelan Simon Bolivar was the most important leader of South America's Independence movement. A brilliant general and visionary politician, he led the liberation of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. His dream of a strong, united Latin America is still unfulfilled.
Did the Ancient Maya War with One Another?
Early researchers believed the ancient Maya to be a peaceful civilization, but recent discoveries prove just the opposite. How and why did this lost civilization make frequent war on its neighbors?
Stephen F. Austin, Father of Texas' Independence
Stephen F. Austin was the founder of an important settlement in Mexican Texas in the 1820's. He was an important leader of the Texas Revolution and served as the Republic of Texas' first Secretary of State.
Learn About Female Pirate Anne Bonny
Anne Bonny (1700-1782, exact dates uncertain) was a pirate who fought under the command of “Calico Jack” Rackham between 1718 and 1720. Together with fellow female pirate Mary Read, she was one of Rackham’s more formidable pirates, fighting, cursing and drinking with the best of them. She was captured along with the rest of Rackham’s crew in 1720 and sentenced to death, although her sentence was commuted because she was pregnant.
Do You Know What Happened at the Battle of the...
On March 6, 1836, The Mexican army attacked the Alamo, a fortress-like old mission in San Antonio, Texas. Inside were some 200 Texan rebels, determined to drive them off or give their lives for the cause of Texas Independence. The Battle of the Alamo is now a legendary part of Texan (and Mexican) history.
Learn About the Life of Che Guevara
One of the more famous (or infamous, depending on your point of view) protagonists of the Cuban Revolution, Argentine doctor Ernesto
The Third Voyage of Christopher Columbus
In 1498 Christopher Columbus returned for a third trip to the New World, bearing supplies for colonists and still searching for a passage to the markets of the orient. He found discontent, disease, and by 1500 he found himself en route back to Spain...only this time, he was in chains.
Why Santa Anna Was President of Mexico 11 Times
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, president of Mexico eleven times from the 1830's to 1850's, was the leader of the Mexican forces at the Battle of the Alamo.
Your Comprehensive Summary of the Mexican...
The Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) began with a contested election in 1910 and ended a decade later with hundreds of thousands dead, the country in tatters and the economy in ruins. It has become the stuff of legend, with almost mythological characters such as Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata and Alvaro Obregon battling one another for ownership of the rich nation of Mexico.
The Mystical Astronomers of the Ancient Maya
The Ancient Maya were gifted astronomers who were interested in every aspect of their skies.
Everything You Need to Know About Cinco de Mayo!
Cinco de Mayo is a day for celebrating Mexican heritage, enjoying great food, and remembering a most unlikely win in an important battle!
The Maya Classic Era
The Classic Era (300 A.D. - 800 A.D.) was the
How Miguel Hidalgo Helped Gain Mexican...
Mexico's movement for independence from Spain was kicked off by an unlikely figure: Father Miguel Hidalgo, a parish priest and theologian well into his fifties. Hidalgo raised an army and took it to the very gates of Mexico City, but was eventually betrayed, captured and executed by Royalist forces. Still, he is remembered today by Mexicans as the Father of their Country.
Blackbeard's Last Stand
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Blackbeard’s Last
How Did the Ancient Maya Rule?
The Ancient Maya had a complex political system with a king at the top. The King had many duties including leading in times of war and acting as a conduit between his people and the Gods.
What Do You Know About Christopher Columbus?
Christopher Columbus was the greatest explorer of his age: for centuries he was thought to have been the first to discover America.
How Was a Pirate Crew Organized?
On a well-run pirate ship, different officers had different duties. Here is a list of the positions and duties on board a typical pirate ship.
Biography of John “Calico Jack”...
John. Latin American History.
8 Most Important Men of the Texas Revolution
The Texas Revolution was carried out by military leaders such as Sam Houston, politicians like Davy Crockett and frontiersmen like Jim Bowie. The Mexicans were led by soldiers like Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.
10 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About...
Pancho Villa was probably the best-known of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. Still, most people don't know some of the more interesting parts of his history. Here are some fun facts about Pancho Villa.
Blackbeard, the Most Fearsome Pirate of all
Blackbeard the Pirate - whose real name was Edward Teach - has achieved legendary status. This ruthless pirate worked the Caribbean for about three years before coming to a bloody end. What are the facts about the most notorious of pirates?
Did Davy Crockett Die in Battle at the Alamo?
Famed Frontiersman Davy Crockett was among the defenders of the Alamo when it fell to the Mexican army on March 6,1836. According to some accounts, he was taken prisoner before being executed. What happened to Davy Crockett on that fateful day?
Important Dates in Mexican History
A timeline of some of the most important dates in the history of Mexico.
Josef Mengele was the Angel of Death
During the last few years of his life, while he was still in hiding, incredible legends grew about Dr. Josef Mengele, the fugitive Nazi War Criminal.
How Latin America Gained Independence from Spain
For most of Latin America, independence from Spain came between 1806 and 1825. Each region took a different path to independence, with different leaders and battles.
The Surprising Life of Emiliano Zapata
Emiliano Zapata was the greatest idealist of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). He led a rebel army until his assassination in 1919.
Top 10 Events in Latin American History
Latin America has always been shaped by events: wars, rebellions, invasions and more. Which have been the most important? My top ten are based on international and domestic impact.
10 Myths About Historical Pirates
The so-called “Golden Age of Piracy” lasted from about 1700 to 1725. During this time, thousands of men
Famous People in Mexican History
The history of Mexico is populated by many colorful and fascinating figures.
Why Did Texas Want Independence from Mexico?
In March of 1836, Texas broke off from Mexico, declaring its independence. Why did it do so? There were many factors that led to Texas setting off down its own path.
Ten Facts About the Conquest of the Inca Empire
In 1532, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro and 160 men managed to bring down the mighty Inca Empire, home to millions of people. How did these audacious men do it?
Do You Know the Truth About Christopher Columbus?
Some think he was a brave hero and others think he was a monster who brought slavery and disease to the New World. What's the truth about Columbus?
Who Liberated Argentina from the Spanish?
José Francisco de San Martín (1778-1850) was an Argentine General, governor and patriot who led his nation during the wars of Independence from Spain. He was a lifelong soldier who fought for the Spanish in Europe before returning to Argentina to lead the struggle for Independence. Today, he is revered in Argentina, where he is considered among the founding fathers of the nation. He also led the liberation of Chile and Peru.
All About Mexico's Independence Day
Mexico celebrates its independence every September 16 with parades, festivals, feasts, parties and more. Mexican flags are everywhere and the main plaza in Mexico City is packed. But what’s the history behind the date of September 16?
Miguel Hidalgo Kicked off Mexico's War of...
Father Miguel Hidalgo kicked off Mexico's war for independence from Spain on September 16, 1810 when
Anne Bonny and Mary Read, History's Most...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Ten Facts About
What Was the Mexican-American War About?
The Mexican-American War (1846-1848) was a long, bloody conflict between the United States of America and Mexico. The USA won the war and gained much of the current American west and southwest.
Learn About Unrepentant Pirate Charles Vane
Charles Vane (1680? – 1721) was an English pirate who was active in the Caribbean and the southeast coast of the United States during the first part of the eighteenth century, sometimes referred to as the “Golden Age of Piracy.” A close associate of other ruthless buccaneer commanders such as Blackbeard and Stede Bonnet, Vane distinguished himself by his unrepentant attitude towards piracy and his cruelty to those he captured.
How Texas Became Independent from Mexico
After years of escalating differences with Mexico, settlers in the region of Texas rebelled, kicking off a short war which resulted in Texas becoming an independent nation.
Ten Legendary Spanish Conquistadors
Who were the leaders of the conquistador armies that brought down the mighty American civilizations?
10 Things You Should Know About Simon Bolivar
When a man becomes a legend - and if any man has, it's Simon Bolivar - facts tend to get distorted. Here is the truth about the man South Americans refer to simply as
Christopher Columbus' Final New World Voyage
Ten years after his monumental voyage of discovery, much had changed for Christopher Columbus. He had gone back twice, and each time the trip ended in disaster. Still, the fifty-something adventurer and explorer felt he had one more trip in him. He convinced some investors and set off one last time in 1502.
Venezuela's Independence from Spain - 15 Years...
Venezuela was a leader in Latin America’s Independence movement. Led by visionary radicals such as Simón Bolívar and Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela was the first of the South American Republics to formally break away from Spain. The decade or so that followed was extremely bloody, with unspeakable atrocities on both sides and several important battles, but in the end the patriots prevailed, finally securing Venezuelan independence in 1821.
Sam Houston, Founding Father of Texas
Sam Houston (1793-1863) was one of the leaders of Texas' independence movement. He was in command of the Texan forces at the decisive Battle of San Jacinto in 1836. Later he went on to a distinguished career as a politician and statesman.
The 8 Most Important Men of the Mexican...
As the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) burned across Mexico, the lawless land was ruled more and more by ruthless warlords who fought one another over the remains of the broken nation. Who were the men who dared to make Mexico their own?
Did the Ancient Maya Have Books?
Most of the Maya codices, or books, were destroyed and today only fragments of four of them remain.
The Fiery Speech that Kicked off Mexico's...
On September 16, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla exhorted his congregation to join him in taking up arms to drive the Spanish out of Mexico.
The Siege of San Antonio
From October to December of 1835, rebellious Texans laid siege to the town of San Antonio. They attacked in early December and captured the city after days of fierce fighting.
Learn the Facts About Blackbeard!
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Blackbeard: Truth,
Latin American Dictators
Latin America has traditionally been home to dictators: charismatic men who have seized almost complete control over their nations and held it for years, even decades. Some have been fairly benign, some cruel and violent, and others merely peculiar. Here are some of the more noteworthy men who have held dictatorial powers in their home nations.
Why did President Peron Bring Former Nazis into...
The link between Argentine president Juan Domingo Peron and the Nazi refugees who flooded Argentina after World War two has long been suspected. Recent research has proven that Peron not only allowed them to come, but welcomed them with open arms.
Why did the Ancient Olmec Civilization Disappear?
The mighty Olmec culture rose and fell two thousand years before Europeans set foot in Mexico. What happened to this mysterious civilization?
10 Facts About the Mexican-American War
The Mexican-American War (1846-1848) was a defining moment in the relationship between Mexico and the
What Treasure did Pirates Really Get?
In the movies, pirates always seem to have huge chests of gold and jewels. Was this really the case? Learn more about what sort of treasure a pirate could really hope to find.
The Ancient Maya and Human Sacrifice
The Ancient Maya practiced human sacrifice for a variety of political and religious reasons.
Who were the Ancient Olmec?
The Olmec culture was the first great civilization of Mesoamerica. They lived on the Gulf Coast of present-day Mexico.
Bartolome de Las Casas, the Conscience of...
Father Bartolome de Las Casas was one of the few people who spoke out about the horrors of the Spanish colonial system.
Biography of Juan Ponce de Leon
Juan Ponce de Leon was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who was the first to discover and explore Florida. He was also an important early pioneer of Puerto Rico. According to legend, he was seeking the legendary Fountain of Youth in Florida.
Chespirito, Mexico's Greatest Entertainer
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Roberto Gómez
The Unsung Ally: Mexican Involvement in World...
In May of 1942 Mexico formally declared war on Germany and Japan, although it had been silently assisting the Allies for some time already. Although its forces saw very little combat, Mexico was an important and valuable addition to the Allied cause.
Why did the Americans Win the Mexican-American...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >From 1846 to 1848,
Mary Read, the Ruthless Lady Pirate
Mary Read was an English pirate who sailed with Calico Jack Rackham and Anne Bonny.
Real Quotes from Historical Pirates
Real quotes by actual historical pirates.
The Battle of Gonzales
On October 2, 1835, the first shots of the Texas Revolution were fired in the unassuming town of Gonzales. Although it was barely a skirmish that left but one Mexican soldier dead, the battle was a sort of point of no return for the rebellious Texans, who would soon have to face the entire Mexican army.
Latin American History: Introduction to the...
Of all the different time periods in the History of Latin America, the Colonial Era was the most important in shaping the modern character of the region. Here you can read six reasons why.
Colombia's Independence Day
On July 20, 1810, independence leaders in Bogota, Colombia, started a riot which eventually led to the city declaring independence from Spain. Today, July 20 is celebrated in Colombia as Independence day.
Chile's Independence Day: September 18, 1810
On September 18, 1810, Chile declared its independence from Spain. Sentiment for independence had been brewing for some time, and the final straw was Napoleon's conquest of Spain. Chile's declaration of independence kicked off a war that would last for several years and cost thousands of lives. Today, Chileans celebrate Independence Day as one of the most important holidays of the year.
The Founding Culture of Mesoamerica
Historians and archaeologists are piecing together information about the long-lost Olmec culture of ancient Mesoamerica.
How William Travis Became a Texas Hero at the...
William Travis was the ranking officer of the Texan defenders at the legendary 1836 Battle of the Alamo.
Timeline of the Maya, From Antiquity to the...
The Maya civilization peaked around 800 A.D., but it had been around for a long time before that...and is still there today!
Who Was the Real Captain Morgan?
Sir Henry Morgan (1635-1688) was a Welsh privateer who fought for the English against the Spanish in the Caribbean in the 1660’s and 1670’s. He is remembered as the greatest of the privateers, amassing huge fleets, attacking prominent targets and being the worst enemy of the Spanish since Sir Francis Drake.
10 Things You Didn’t Know About the...
The Ancient Maya are among the most mysterious of all the lost civilizations. What do we know for certain about these enigmatic people?
Ten Facts About Father Miguel Hidalgo
Father Miguel Hidalgo kicked off Mexico's Independence Movement on September 16, 1810 with his famous Cry of Dolores. He is considered the founding father of the United States of Mexico, but he remains misunderstood by many. Here are ten facts about Mexico's favorite Liberator.
Who was Francisco Pizarro?
Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador who led the expedition in 1532 that defeated the mighty Inca Empire of Peru. He ruled Peru as an agent of the King of Spain for almost ten years before he was assassinated in Lima.
Olmec Art and Sculpture - History and Details
The Olmec civilization of ancient Mexico produced many notable works of art which are still admired today.
What was the First European Town in the Americas?
On Columbus' first voyage, he was forced to leave behind 39 men at a settlement he named La Navidad.
The Day the Texans Won Independence from Mexico
On April 21, 1836, Texan rebels secured their independence from Mexico with a stunning victory at the battle of San Jacinto.
1542: Spain's "New Laws" send the Colonies into...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The New Laws of
The Life of Mexican Reformer Benito Juarez
Benito Juarez, one of Mexico's most important statesmen and reformers, was the most powerful Mexican politician of his era and a driving force in Mexican politics for several years.
Josef Mengele, Nazi War Criminal
Josef Mengele was a German doctor and administrator who conducted infamous experiments at the Auschwitz death camp during World War Two. After the war, he escaped to South America and eluded capture for over 30 years.
What Countries Are in Central America?
Central America, the stretch of land between Mexico and South America, has a long and troubled history of war, crime, corruption and dictatorship.
Did the Maya Calendar Predict the End of Time?
The ancient Maya were keen astronomers and mathematicians and they had two complex, accurate calendars which they used to record time.
Dom Pedro I, First Emperor of Brazil
Dom Pedro I was Emperor of Brazil for about nine years and even served briefly as King of Portugal. He is mostly remembered for declaring Brazil independent from Portugal and serving as its first ruler.
How Pancho Villa Helped Lead the Mexican...
Few men are as legendary in Latin American History as Pancho Villa. Bandit, general, warlord, hero and murderer, Villa is a complicated and fascinating historical figure and one of the giants of the Mexican Revolution.
Biography of Rigoberta Menchu
Rigoberta Menchu, the controversial winner of the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize, is still active in Guatemalan politics and native rights movements around the world.
Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico
Enrique Peña Nieto (1966-) is the current President of Mexico. A centrist, he ran as the candidate of the Institutional Revolutionary Party.
What are the Facts About Cinco de Mayo?
What happened on May fifth, and why do Mexicans celebrate it? Here are seven facts about everyone's favorite Mexican holiday.
Why did the Ancient Olmec Carve Colossal Heads?
The Olmec civilization is today remembered as the creators of seventeen giant stone heads, which are currently in Mexican museums.
Biography of Maria Eva "Evita" Peron
Evita Perón is well-known as the subject of a very successful musical...but what was she really like? Who was this remarkable woman who had captured the attention of the world by the time of her tragic death at the age of 33?
The Fascinating Story of Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo, the capitol of the Dominican Republic, is the longest continually inhabited European city in the Americas.
Cortes: The Most Ruthless Conquistador
With dwindling provisions and 600 soldiers, Hernan Cortes was able to defeat the mighty Aztec Empire and hundreds of thousands of warriors.
The Goliad Massacre
On March 27, 1836, hundreds of Texan prisoners were slaughtered on orders of Mexican General Santa Anna.
The US Occupation of the Dominican Republic,...
From 1916 to 1924, the United States of America militarily occupied the Dominican Republic. The primary reason for doing so was to protect American economic interests.
Olmec Religion
The ancient Olmec civilization of Mexico had disappeared by 400 B.C., but their religion and culture were hugely influential in later cultures such as the Maya.
Where are the Remains of Christopher Columbus?
The city of Seville, Spain, has a set of bones they claim belong to Christopher Columbus, the great navigator and explorer. The city of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, says the same thing. Which city has the real bones and why may we never know for sure?
10 Facts About the Pirate 'Black Bart' Roberts
Bartholomew “Black Bart” Roberts was the most successful pirate of the “ Golden Age of Piracy ,” which
What to Know About the History of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires, Argentina, has a long and fascinating history of wars, economic booms and busts, and art. Full of characters like Evita Perón, Juan Manuel de Rosas and Carlos Gardel, this important city has more than its fair share of historical drama.
How to Teach Kids About Blackbeard the Pirate
A biography of Blackbeard, the most famous of the pirates, written especially for younger readers.
The Mighty Sun God of the inca
Inti, the Sun God, was the second-most important god to the Inca culture after Viracocha, the Creator.
What did Ponce de Leon find In Florida?
In 1513 and again in 1521, Juan Ponce de Leon visited present-day Florida. According to legend, he was seeking the Fountain of Youth.
Zapata, Diaz, Madero and the Start of the...
In the early days of the Mexican Revolution, Emiliano Zapata was instrumental in Francisco Madero's victory over President Porfirio Diaz.
Learn About Argentine President Juan Peron
Juan Domingo Peron was a general, diplomat, and three-time President of Argentina. He was a rare blend of career soldier, charismatic politician and leftist strongman, and his influence on the history of his nation is difficult to overstate. Known to many as the husband of Evita Peron, Juan Domingo left behind a huge political and historical legacy.
The Most Important People and Events of the...
Cuban Revolutionaries fighting under Fidel Castro and Che Guevara wanted to shake up Cuba and get rid of dictator Fulgencio Batista. They ended up shaking up the whole world, jumping into the conflict of the Cold War and changing the balance of power between the Soviet Union and United States. Here you'll find some of the major players and events of this monumental event.
When did Venezuela Declare independence From...
On April 19, 1810, Venezuelan patriots met and approved a limited Declaration of Independence from Spain. This led to the First Venezuelan Republic as Venezuela became the first part of Spain's New World Empire to break away.
Porfirio Diaz, Mexico's Greatest Politician
How did Mexican Dictator Porfirio Diaz cling to power for 35 years?
The History of Tikal
Tikal was one of the mightiest cities in the ancient Maya world, dominating its region and lesser city-states.
The Queen Anne's Revenge
For about a year in 1717-1718, the most fearsome pirate ship in the world was Blackbeard's monstrous Queen Anne's Revenge. With this massive pirate man of war, Blackbeard essentially controlled the Caribbean and the southeastern coast of the present-day USA.
Davy Crockett: Frontiersman, Politician and...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Biography of David
Biography of Atahualpa, Last King of the Inca
In 1532, Spanish conquistadors discovered the wealthy Inca Empire, high in the South American Andes. The only thing standing between these greedy men and the gold they dreamed of was young Emperor Atahualpa, fresh off a victory in a civil war.
Latin America - Explorers and Discoverers
After Christopher Columbus blazed a trail to the New World in 1492, many others soon followed. The Americas were a fascinating, new place and the crowned heads of Europe eagerly sent explorers to look for new goods and trade routes. These intrepid explorers made many significant discoveries in the years and decades after Columbus' monumental journey.
What Was the Legend of El Dorado?
For centuries, greedy men scoured the unknown interior of South America for the legendary city of El Dorado. Did they ever find it, or was it merely a myth all along?
Meet 10 Leaders of South American Independence
In 1810, South America was still part of Spain's vast New World Empire. By 1825, however, the continent was free, having won its independence at the cost of bloody wars with Spanish and royalist forces. Independence might never have been won without the brave leadership of men and women ready to fight for liberty. Meet the Liberators of South America!
Was General Pinochet a Hero or a Murderer?
Augusto Pinochet (1915-2006) was a general in the Chilean military who also served as president and dictator for almost twenty years.
The Mexican Revolution's Despised President
Victoriano Huerta was a Mexican general who briefly became president during the Mexican Revolution.
The History of San Juan, Puerto Rico
San Juan, Puerto Rico, has been one of the most important ports in the Caribbean for centuries. It has a long history, from Spanish conquistadors to pirate attacks to battles between American and Spanish forces in 1898.
Ancient Olmec Trade and Economy
The ancient Olmec culture was one of the first in Mesoamerica to embrace long-distance trade routes as a way of enriching their society.
Why Every Good Pirate Needed a Great Ship
Of all the tools of the piracy trade, a good pirate ship was probably the most important.
Did Ponce de Leon Really Look for the Fountain...
The name Ponce de Leon has always been associated with Florida and the quest for the Fountain of Youth. Was he questing after myths or looking for a new home?
The History of Port Royal
Port Royal is a town on the southern coast of Jamaica. It was originally colonized by the Spanish, but attacked and captured by the English in 1655. Because of its good natural harbor and key position, Port Royal quickly became a major haven for pirates and buccaneers, who were made welcome because of the need for defenders.
Francisco Madero Bio: Father of the Mexican...
Francisco I. Madero (1873-1913) was a reformist politician and writer who served as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913.
Biography of Vasco Nuñez de Balboa
Vasco Nuñez de Balboa (1475-1519) was a Spanish conquistador and explorer of the early colonial era. He is credited with leading the first European expedition to discover the Pacific Ocean (which he referred to as the
Meet 11 Real-Life (and Terrifying) Pirates of...
Here you will find a list of the most famous pirates from the so-called
Pedro de Alvarado, the Most Heartless...
Hundreds of Spanish conquistadores came to the New World in search of glory and gold. These men were all violent and ruthless, but one man stood out from the rest for his cruelty: Pedro de Alvarado, conqueror of the Maya.
Who Murdered the Baroness of Galapagos?
The Galapagos Islands are famous for being remote and sparsely inhabited. They only rarely come to international attention. That all changed in 1934, when the islands were home to a scandal involving sex, lies and murder. When all was said and done, three people were dead and two more missing. Do you think you can solve a mystery that has baffled historians for almost a century?
Why Did the U.S. Declare War on Mexico?
In 1846, Mexico and the USA went to war. Each nation had its reasons for doing so. Why did these two neighbors take up arms against one another?
Who Really Killed Mexican Warlord Pancho Villa?
When legendary warlord Pancho Villa was gunned down in July of 1923, most Mexicans suspected a conspiracy... and they were right. Who killed Pancho Villa?
The Five Most Successful Pirates
From 1695 to 1725, many men tried their hand at piracy and most died nameless on a desert island or in a noose. Some, however, became well-known and even rich.
How to Teach Kids About Cinco de Mayo
Cinco de Mayo! Everyone has heard of it, but what's it all about? Here younger readers will find everything they need to know about Cinco de Mayo.

©2016 About.com. All rights reserved.