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The Mexican Revolution

This page contains links to a lot of great information about the revolution: people, battles, ideology and more.

Assassinations of the Mexican Revolution

Ten Facts About Pancho Villa
Pancho Villa was probably the best-known of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. Still, most people don't know some of the more interesting parts of his history. Here are some fun facts about Pancho Villa.

Movie: Zapata (2004)
2004's Zapata: el Sueño del Héroe (Zapata: Dream of the Hero) was a much-anticipated biography of legendary revolutionary Emiliano Zapata from award winning-director Alfonso Arau and starring popular singer Alejandro Fernandez. Poor writing and bad acting doomed the movie, which went on to be one of the most expensive bombs in the history of Mexican cinema.

Who Killed Pancho Villa?
When legendary warlord Pancho Villa was gunned down in July of 1923, most Mexicans suspected a conspiracy...and they were right. Who killed Pancho Villa? The conspiracy went all the way to the top: the Mexican Presidential Palace.

The Mexican Revolution
The Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) began with a contested election in 1910 and ended a decade later with hundreds of thousands dead, the country in tatters and the economy in ruins. It has become the stuff of legend, with almost mythological characters such as Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata and Alvaro Obregón battling one another for ownership of the rich nation of Mexico.

Mexican Revolution: The Big Four
In 1911, Dictator Porfirio Diaz knew his time was up: the Mexican Revolution had broken out and he could not contain it. When Diaz' successor, francisco Madero, was assassinated and replaced as President by Victoriano Huerta, the "Big Four" warlords: Carranza, Villa, Zapata and Obregon, knew they had to act.

All About Pancho Villa
Almost a century after Pancho Villa burst onto the world stage with his bloody entry into the Mexican Revolution, he remains one of the era's most fascinating figures. He fought in many battles, winning most and losing a few. One of his greatest allies eventually ordered his assassination. Songs are still sung about him every time a mariachi band puts on their sombreros.

Mexican Revolution: Biography of Pancho Villa
Few men are as legendary in Latin American History as Pancho Villa. Bandit, general, warlord, hero and murderer, Villa is a complicated and fascinating historical figure and one of the giants of the Mexican Revolution.

Biography of Alvaro Obregón
As the Mexican Revolution turned into a bloody battle for survival, one man and his army rose to the top: Sonoran Garbanzo bean farmer Alvaro Obregón.

Biography of Emiliano Zapata
Emiliano Zapata was the greatest idealist of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). The leader of a small, mostly indigenous community in the southern state of Morelos, Zapata was already fighting the entrenched power of Porfirio Diaz when the revolution broke out. With cries of Tierra Y Libertad! ("Land and Liberty!" Zapata's army was a force to be reckoned with in the south.

Emiliano Zapata: Life Before the Mexican Revolution
Before the Mexican Revolution, it seemed that Emiliano Zapata was destined to lead out an ordinary life as a poor peasant in the Mexican State of Morelos. He was a leader in his community, and fought against wealthy plantation owners who were stealing land. When the Revolution broke out, he saw an opportunity for justice for his people.

Emiliano Zapata and The Plan of Ayala
In November, 1911, revolutionary leader wrote one of the most important documents in the history of Mexico: the Plan of Ayala, which called for the removal of President Francisco Madero and demanded land reform in rural Mexico.

The Mexican Revolution: Zapata, Diaz and Madero
In the early days of the Mexican Revolution, Emiliano Zapata, the Tiger of the South, was instrumental in Francisco Madero's victory over President Porfirio Diaz. Once in power, however, Madero betrayed Zapata and his dream of land reform, forcing his former supporter to take to the field once again.

Biography of Venustiano Carranza
Venustiano Carranza was one of the major players in the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). A former Governor of Coahuila and Cabinet member under Francisco Madero, Carranza raised an army to battle rival warlords such as Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata and Victoriano Huerta. He eventually reached the presidency (1917-1920) but was assassinated.

Quiz: Pancho Villa and the Mexican Revolution
How much do you know about the Mexican Revolution and its most important leader, Pancho Villa? Take this fun quiz and find out!

Biography of Francisco Madero
An unlikely revolutionary, Francisco Madero (1873-1913) was a Mexican writer and politician whose efforts to democratically unseat dictator Porfirio Diaz resulted in the start of the Mexican Revolution.

Biography of Victoriano Huerta
Victoriano Huerta was a Mexican general who briefly became president during the Mexican Revolution. Responsible for the murder of Francisco Madero, he was widely despised by other revolutionaries like Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata.

Biography of Pascual Orozco - Pascual Orozco Profile
Pascual Orozco was an important leader during the early days of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). For a while, he commanded the largest rebel army in the field, but his fortunes fell when he supported the unpopular Victoriano Huerta. He died in a gunfight in Texas in 1915 as he tried to re-enter Mexico and raise a new army.

The Battle of Zacatecas
June, 1914: Surrounded on all sides by rebel armies, Mexican President Victoriano Huerta sent most of his remaining soldiers and one of his best generals to defend the strategic city of Zacatecas. The federal troops dug in and set their defenses. It seemed invulnerable, but their opponent was Pancho Villa and the mighty Division of the North. The resulting clash became the stuff of legend.

Mexican Revolution: The Battle of Celaya
In Mexico in early 1915, two titans prepared for a face off. The famous Pancho Villa, bandit, horseman and warlord, owned the lawless north. Sent to tame him was Alvaro Obregon, the brilliant former chick pea farmer who was fast becoming one of the Mexican Revolution's best generals. They met at the town of Celaya on April 6-15, 1915, in a contest that would resonate all over Mexico.

Biography of Rodolfo Fierro
Rodolfo Fierro, a.k.a. "The Butcher," was Pancho Villa's most trusted officer and his hatchet man. A capable field officer, he was known as a capricious, cruel killer. Fanatically loyal to Villa, he did all of the jobs that were too grisly for his commander to handle himself.

Photos of the Mexican Revolution
The Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) broke out at the dawn of modern photography, and as such is one of the first conflicts to have been documented by photographers and photojournalists. Here are some memorable images from a terrible war.

Important People of the Mexican Revolution
As the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) burned across Mexico, the lawless land was ruled more and more by ruthless warlords who fought one another over the remains of the broken nation. Who were the men who dared to make Mexico their own?

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