1. Education
Send to a Friend via Email

Latin American History: Mexico

From Montezuma to the Zapatistas, the History of Mexico is long and rich. It is full of unforgettable characters, such as the statesman Benito Juarez and the mad general Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. It is also where you will find some very important events, such as the conquest of the Aztec Empire and the Mexican Revolution.
  1. Mexican-American War (21)
  2. Mexico: Independence (10)
  3. Presidents of Mexico (14)
  4. Texas Independence (19)
  5. The Mexican Revolution (23)

Cinco de Mayo - the Basics
Cinco de Mayo is much more than simply a Mexican version of St. Patrick's Day. It's a day for celebrating Mexican heritage, enjoying great food, and remembering a most unlikely win in an important battle!

All About Cinco de Mayo
Cinco de Mayo is a Mexican Holiday that celebrates a stunning victory over invading French forces in 1862. Today it's celebrated all over the world with parades, traditional Mexican food and drinks and brightly colored decorations. Here's everything you'll need to host your own!

The Flag of the United States of Mexico
The official flag of the United States of Mexico consists of three vertical stripes of green, white and red. In the middle of the white stripe is the Mexican coat of arms, depicting an eagle eating a snake while perched on a cactus.

The Most Influential Mexicans Since Independence
Since throwing off Spanish rule in the early nineteenth century, Mexico has produced some truly remarkable individuals including noble presidents, obsessed madmen, ruthless warlords, visionary artists and desperate criminals. Meet a few of these legendary figures!

The Unsung Ally: Mexican Involvement in World War Two
In May of 1942 Mexico formally declared war on Germany and Japan, although it had been silently assisting the Allies for some time already. Although its forces saw very little combat, Mexico was an important and valuable addition to the Allied cause.

How did Porfirio Dí­az stay in power for 35 years?
Mexican President, dictator and strongman Porfirio Díaz was so despised by the poor in his nation that they kicked off the bloody Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) simply to get rid of him. If he was so unpopular, how did he stay in power for so long?

Mexico City: The 1968 Summer Olympics
In the summer of 1968, Mexico City hosted the XIX Olympiad, having beaten out Detroit and Lyon for the honor of doing so. The games were marred by the tragic Tlatelolco Massacre before they even began, but went on to be one of the more memorable Olympics ever.

The Biography of William Walker
William Walker was the greatest of the American "filibusters:" men who attacked sovereign nations as a private enterprise, generally with the eventual aim of joining them to the United States. His greatest triumph happened in 1855-1857, when he took control of Nicaragua and named himself president.

Biography of Hernán Cortés
Hernán Cortés, with dwindling provisions and 600 soldiers, was able to defeat the mighty Aztec Empire and its tens if not hundreds of thousands of warriors. Later, he served as governor of New Spain and was given the title of Marquis by the King of Spain.

Cinco de Mayo/The Battle of Puebla
The famous "Cinco de Mayo" widely celebrated in Mexico is not, as many believe, Mexico's Independence day, but rather the anniversary of a battle between French and Mexican forces on May 5, 1862. The Mexicans, outnumbered and outgunned, won with determination and courage that is still celebrated today.

The Pastry War (Mexico vs. France, 1838-1839)
The Pastry War, fought over certain debts and reparations owed by Mexico to France, took place for several months in 1838-1839 and ended in a French Victory. Considered a minor conflict in the history of Mexico, it nevertheless had important consequences.

Biography of Roberto Gómez Bolaños (Chespirito)
Biography of Roberto Gómez Bolaños, a.k.a. Chespirito, Mexican writer and actor who made famous characters such as el Chavo del 8 and el Chapulín Colorado.

Biography of Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera was Mexico's best-known muralist. An avowed communist, he was as well known for controversy as art, and his is also famous for his volatile marriage to fellow artist Frida Kahlo.

The Tlatelolco Massacre
The Tlatelolco Massacre, often referred to as "Mexico's Kent State," was in reality far more horrific, as hundreds of protesters, most of them students, were gunned down by government security forces.

Frida Kahlo
A short biography of the famous painter, with important works and quotes.

Important Dates in Mexican History

A timeline of the most important dates in Mexico since the conquest, presented chronologically.

Seven Facts About Cinco de Mayo
Cinco de Mayo is a widely celebrated Mexican holiday, enjoyed by millions of people around the world every year. What happened on May fifth, and why do Mexicans celebrate it? Here are seven facts about everyone's favorite Mexican holiday.

Biography of Antonio López de Santa Anna
Antonio López de Santa Anna was president of Mexico eleven times from the 1830's to 1850's. He was the leader of the Mexican forces at the Battle of the Alamo in 1836. He had a long and checkered political and military career and remains one of Mexico's most fascinating historical figures.

The Battle of Gonzales
On October 2, 1835, the first shots of the Texas Revolution were fired in the unassuming town of Gonzales. Although it was barely a skirmish that left but one Mexican soldier dead, the battle was a sort of point of no return for the rebellious Texans, who would soon have to face the entire Mexican army.

Biography of Davy Crockett
David "Davy" Crockett (1786-1836) was a popular politician and outdoorsman known for given folksy speeches and telling tall tales about life on the frontier. His lasting fame, however, came as a result of his death defending the Alamo in 1836.

The Siege of San Antonio
From October to December of 1835, rebellious Texans laid siege to the town of San Antonio. They attacked in early December and captured the city after days of fierce fighting.

The Ruins of Xochicalco
Not far from Mexico City is the Xochicalco archaeological site. Xochicalco was a thriving pre-Hispanic city and commercial hub around 700-900 A.D. Although lost for years, the city was rediscovered and excavated and is now a popular visitor destination.

Cinco de Mayo for Kids
Cinco de Mayo! Everyone has heard of it, but what's it all about? Here younger readers will find everything they need to know about Cinco de Mayo.

Mexico’s Wars
Mexico has been involved in several wars and conflicts, both internal and against foreign powers.

The Borgia Codex
The Borgia Codex is one of only a handful of surviving precolonial books from Central Mexico.

The Codex Laud
The Codex Laud is an ancient book produced in present-day Mexico by an Aztec vassal state sometime between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries.

Olmec Religion
The ancient Olmec civilization of Mexico had disappeared by 400 B.C., but their religion and culture were hugely influential in later cultures such as the Maya.

The Battle of Resaca de la Palma
The Battle of Resaca de la Palma (May 9, 1846), was an early battle of the Mexican-American War. Mexican forces held a good defensive position along a creek bed, but were routed by General Zachary Taylor's Army of Occupation. The win at Resaca de la Palma cleared the way for Taylor to march on Monterrey.

The Maya Classic Era
The Classic Era (300 A.D. - 800 A.D.) was the "Golden Age" of the Ancient Maya. At this time, their civilization flourished, reaching great heights of culture, art and power.

Joaquin de Montserrat, Marquis of Cruillas
Joaquin de Montserrat, Marquis of Cruillas, was the 44th Viceroy of New Spain (Mexico), serving from 1760-1766.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.