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Mexican Independence from Spain

Mexico's Independence from Spain started in 1810 and ended in 1821. The movement went through several leaders, including Father Miguel Hidalgo and Jose Maria Morelos. Along the way, patriots and royalists battled it out all over Mexico.

Mexico's Independence Day - September 16
Mexico celebrates its independence every September 16 with parades, festivals, feasts, parties and more. Mexican flags are everywhere and the main plaza in Mexico City is packed. But what’s the history behind the date of September 16?

Miguel Hidalgo and the Mexican War of Independence
Father Miguel Hidalgo kicked off Mexico's struggle for independence from Spain on September 16, 1810 when he issued his famous "Cry of Dolores" in which he exhorted Mexicans to rise up and throw off Spanish tyranny. For almost a year, Hidalgo led the independence movement, battling Spanish forces in and around Central Mexico. He was captured and executed in 1811, but others picked up the struggle…

Independence from Spain
For most of Latin America, independence from Spain came between 1806 and 1825. Each region took a different path to independence, with different leaders and battles.

Biography of Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Mexico's movement for independence from Spain was kicked off by an unlikely figure: Father Miguel Hidalgo, a parish priest and theologian well into his fifties. Hidalgo raised an army and took it to the very gates of Mexico City, but was eventually betrayed, captured and executed by Royalist forces. Still, he is remembered today by Mexicans as the Father of their Country.

Mexican Independence: The Cry of Dolores
On September 16, 1810, unlikely revolutionary Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, village priest of the town of Dolores, rang the church bell and exhorted his congregation to join him in taking up arms to drive the Spanish out of Mexico. This speech became known as "el Grito de Dolores" or "the Cry of Dolores" and it launched Mexico's War of Independence.

Mexican Independence: Biography of Ignacio Allende
Ignacio Allende was a Mexican cavalry captain and an early fighter for Mexican Independence. He was present at the famous "Cry of Dolores" and fought with Father Miguel Hidalgo before both men were betrayed, captured and executed in 1811.

Mexican Independence - The Siege of Guanajuato
On September 28, 1810, an angry mass of Mexican insurgents led by Father Miguel Hidalgo descended on the hapless mining city of Guanajuato. The Spaniards in the city quickly organized a defense, fortifying the public granary. The mob of thousands was not to be denied, however, and after a five-hour siege the granary was overrun and all inside massacred.

Mexico's War For Independence: the Battle of Monte de las Cruces
In late October of 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo led an angry mob of close to 80,000 poor Mexicans towards Mexico City. The residents of the city were terrified. Every available royalist soldier was sent out to meet Hidalgo's army, and on October 30 the two armies met at Monte de las Cruces. Would arms and discipline prevail over numbers and rage?

Ten Facts About Father Miguel Hidalgo
Father Miguel Hidalgo kicked off Mexico's Independence Movement on September 16, 1810 with his famous Cry of Dolores. He is considered the founding father of the United States of Mexico, but he remains misunderstood by many. Here are ten facts about Mexico's favorite Liberator.

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